Oral surgery: what is it for and what are the most common procedures?

Oral surgery has the purpose of solving severe dental pathologies. In addition, it allows correcting those problems related to the patient’s oral health, such as gingivitis or the extraction of teeth.

It is the oldest and best-known medical-surgical specialty in dentistry . It is responsible for diagnosing and surgically treating diseases, defects and trauma of the teeth, jaw bones and their adjacent tissues, as well as the mouth in general, both in functional and aesthetic aspects.

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The most common procedures are the removal of third molars, known as wheels judgment, periodontal surgery and dental implant surgery. They are performed under local anesthesia in most cases and, in the most complicated cases, general anesthesia is used, which is why it is necessary for an oral surgeon to perform the interventions.

Through surgery, it is also possible to correct the occlusion or bite, install dental implants and improve the size of the gums, in addition to diagnosing and treating a wide spectrum of oral diseases in children and adults.

Most common surgeries

Apicoectomy : consists of the surgical removal of part of the root of the tooth and the adjacent tissues that are affected.

Wisdom molar extraction: It is one of the most common dental surgeries. These pieces usually appear in a complicated place and some patients feel pain when they begin to come out. Therefore, they should be removed to avoid discomfort.

Implant surgery : this type of procedure ranges from tooth extraction to the installation of titanium implants, which form the basis for subsequent dental reconstruction. According to the professional, “the placement of dental implants is one of the most common surgical interventions, being today the best solution for those who suffer from the absence of one or more teeth”.

Frenectomy : a bridle or frenulum between the lip and the gum is removed, which could be affecting the dental, prosthetic, labial or tongue position.

Drainage of gingival or periodontal abscesses : an incision is made to facilitate the exit of purulent material and harmful substances that may exist in the tissue, improving oxygenation and favoring its cleaning.

Pre-prosthetic surgery : these types of interventions are those that prepare the hard and soft tissues (bone and gums) for the proper and durable installation of dental prostheses.

Gingivectomy:  This procedure is performed under local anesthesia to remove excess gum tissue and provide better teeth hygiene.

Gingivoplasty : This is done to reshape the healthy gum tissue around the teeth and improve their appearance. If the patient presents a gingival recession (gingiva below normal level), this procedure or a graft can be performed.